Who? What? When? Where? are factual questions that for the most part, are not debatable. Everyone generally agrees with the responses to these questions. Use these questions to gather information about your topic, then ask yourself a why? or how? question. Why? and How? questions are interesting and lead to discussions.
Additionally, your question should be something that scholars care enough to write about.
Once you have written your initial question, ask yourself:
Once you've selected a research topic, consider these questions:
1. What do you already know about your topic? What do you want to know / need to know in order to write a paper?
2. What is your opinion on your chosen topic? What other opinions might others have?