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Citation Guide

Official Chicago Citation Style Guide Manual:

The author-date format is most popular in the physical, natural, and social sciences, whereas researchers in literary, historical, and artistic fields mostly use note-based styles. For the note-based variants, the notes can either be self-explanatory and come with or without a bibliography (full note), or serve as a reference to a bibliographic entry (note).

  • Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition (author-date)
    • in-text citation: (Adams 2002, 12)
    • bibliographic entry: Adams, Douglas. 2002. The Ultimate Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy. New York: Del Rey.
  • Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition (full note)
    • note: Douglas Adams, The Ultimate Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy (New York: Del Rey, 2002), 12.
    • bibliographic entry: Adams, Douglas. The Ultimate Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy. New York: Del Rey, 2002.
  • Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition (note)
    • note: Adams, The Ultimate Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, 12.
    • bibliographic entry: Adams, Douglas. The Ultimate Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy. New York: Del Rey, 2002.

The library supports two tools designed to help you keep track of and write citations. Below are the pros and cons of each tool.

NoodleBib: A step-by-step tool for creating and storing MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian styles.

  • Personal account
  • Great for learning a citation style that you are not familiar with
  • Intended for teaching citations
  • Can only cite in MLA, APA, or Chicago
  • Has an electronic notecard option. Great for organizing and writing a paper.
  • Ability to create annotations with the citation
  • Exports a bibliography
  • Internet Connection Required

Zotero: A tool for many citation styles. Ability to capture information quickly from web pages, online catalogs, webpages, etc.

  • Many citation styles
  • Easy to import citations
  • Fairly accurate citations
  • Easy to Organize
  • Can add a .pdf attachment with the citation (virtual filing cabinet)
  • Microsoft Office Add-on for creating in-text citations and a bibliography
  • Option to add a note with a citation (this might be an option for documenting your annotations)
  • Operates within Firefox web browser
  • Internet Connection Required
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